Russian Knapweed

Russian Knapweed (Turkestan thistle) Asteraceae (= Compositae), the aster family

Russian KnapweedBACKGROUND: Russian knapweed is an invader from the Caucasus in southern Russia and Asia. It spreads by seeds and from shoots arising from creeping roots. It can produce up to 27 root shoots/sq it, and roots may grow to 23 feet deep. Russian knapweed causes chewing disease in horses.

DESCRIPTION: Russian knapweed is a perennial whose stems are considerably branched and up to 4 feet tall. Leaves are up to 6 inches long near the base of the plant, entire to few-toothed, and are smaller toward the top of the plant. The flower heads are about 1/2 inch in diameter and are borne on branch tips during summer and fall. The flowers may be white or pink to lavender-blue. Greenish to straw-colored bracts are tipped with a papery, pointed margin. Ivory-colored seeds are tipped by plumes that fall off at maturity. Roots are dark brown to black.

russianKnapweed2DISTRIBUTION: Russian knapweed is found throughout the western U.S.

CONTROL: A biological control agent (a stem/leaf gall nematode) is available for control of Russian knapweed, but control levels have not been determined. Herbicides can provide excellent control.

Russian Knapweed Distribution Map - Greg Area

 

© 1999 University of Idaho: Text and photographs for these pages from Idaho’s Noxious Weeds, by Robert H. Callihan and Timothy W. Miller (revised by Don W. Morishita and Larry W. Lass).

Please contact: Ag Publishing, University of Idaho, Moscow, Idaho 83844-2240; (208) 882-7982; cking@uidaho.edu; or visit the UI Extension/CALS Publications and Multimedia Catalog website at www.cals.uidaho.edu/edComm/catalog.asp, for more information about this or other publications.